Concepts: Two legacies – horizontal and vertical. Balkan hybrid identities: border cultures, centers and margins. The other in History – external and internal otherness. Individual and collective identity. Ergo-existence as a narrative construction. Identification: heterogeneity and plurality. The other side of ’self’ – internal host. Chiasm: public/ private. Alotrope of ethnic identity: common, local, national. The category of cultural identity. Ergo-existence, communities and policy differences. II. Application materials – authors and works of the Macedonian 19th, 20th and 21st century.