Comparative Grammar of Romance Languages 1, 2

Origin of the Latin language. Conventional and vernacular Latin language. Spreading of the Latin language and its process of romanization. Substrata and superstrata. Romania: concept and typology (Eastern and Western Romania. New Romania. Lost Romania.). Classification of Romance languages. Romance languages. Dalmatian language. Italian language. Rhaeto-Romance language. Sardinian language. Occitan language. French language. Franco-Provençal language. Catalonian language. Spanish language. Portuguese language. Phonology: Stress. Corelation and quantity. Corelation to openess. Diphthongization. Corelation to labialization. Correlation to nasality. Correlation to plosiveness. Correlation to sonority. Palatalizations. Morpho-syntax: The category gender of nouns and pronouns in the Latin language and Romance languages. The category number: intensive and collective plural. Article: definite, possessive, deictic, indefinite, combined and partitive article. Adjectives: flexion and comparison. Cardinal and ordinal numbers. Pronouns: personal, reflexive, possessive, demonstrative pronoun. Verb: aspect (infectum, perfectum, inchoative, frequentative, durative), tense (present, past, future), mood (conjunctive, conditional, infinitive, gerund, participium). Adverb. Lexis. Latin stock. Borrowings from the Latin language and the living languages. The enrichment of the lexical stock with internal means.