The course covers the fundamental models of comparative study of literature through comparative analyses of paradigmatic works of ancient literature. A particular emphasis is placed on bringing ancient myth back to the fore in the European literary context. It examines the reflections of ancient epics – the Theogony, Iliad, Odyssey, Aeneid, Metamorphoses – in European literatures. Ancient Greek tragedy – of Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides – is studied in comparison with corresponding works of European/world literature. Ancient comedy – of Aristophanes, Menander, Plautus, Terentius – is compared with the works of world comic dramatists. The course also includes reflections of ancient lyric poetry – by Sappho, Alcaeus, Catullus and Horace – in European lyric poetry. It offers an overview of ancient poetics – Plato, Aristotle, Horace – in the context of the European theoretical thought.