Correct pronunciation of sounds in standard Macedonian; rules of orthography in standard Macedonian. Relationship between the sound structure and the orthography. Correct pronunciation of sounds; characteristics of the sound system and the phonological system; relationship between the units of sound and the meaningful units; classification of phonemes and their allophones. Syllable, syllable structure; аccent; аccentual units/еxpressions with clitics. Logical and sentence intonation. Relationship between the rules of orthoepy and orthography.