Poetics of Classicism

The course covers the interpretation of the concept of Classicism through the analysis of the relationship between Classicism and Baroque and the contrast between Classicism and Romanticism. The socio-political foundations of Classicism in Europe are analysed: the rationalist philosophy and the classicist theoretical thought; Classicism as a doctrine in France – a prototype of European Classicism; the attitude of the Classicists to ancient literary models. The course also examines: Classicist poetics – N. Boileau’s The Art of Poetry, A. Pope’s An Essay on Criticism; Classicist tragedy – P. Corneille’s Le Cid, J. Racine’s Phaedra and Iphigenia; Classicist comedy – J. B. Molière’s Tartuffe, C. Goldoni’s The Mistress of the Inn; the relationship between literature and philosophy – Voltaire’s Candide, Pascals’ Pensées; the fable – J. de La Fontaine’s Fables.